History Palazzo Cardinal Cesi

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History

The foundation of Palazzo Cesi was laid almost at the same time as the foundation of the present Basilica of St. Peter.

Cardinal Francesco Armellini started the building in 1517. The work was completed in 1520. For more than 40 years the building was owned by the family Armellini and then sold in 1565 to the Cesi family.

The Cesi, of Umbrian origin, became in a few years one of the emerging families of Rome, thanks to Peter, a senator of Rome and the three cardinals Paul, Peter and Pier Donato. Pier Donato Cesi was Bishop of Narni from 1546 to 1566. He moved to Rome to assist the Pope in various diplomatic functions, and after he was made a cardinal in 1570, he thoroughly restored his palace, entrusting the task to a Lombardian architect, Martino Longhi il Vecchio who incorporated, saving time and money, the existing building created for Armellini perhaps by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger. 

The result of his work is visible even now.Once the successful run of the Cesi finished the palace changed owners several times. In the 19th century, two Graziolini brothers: Giovanni Battista and Giuseppe, owned the palace. The son of Giuseppe, Giulio, sold the palace in 1862 to Count Gustavo Candelori Moroni, who in 1875 bequeathed it to his son, Gustavo, and his widow, Amallia Rosati Kinsky. 
In 1879 Duca Giuseppe Caffarelli Negroni bought the palace, and three years later his son Duca Francesco Di Paola Negroni Caffarelli received it in bequest. Father Francis Mary of the Cross Jordan bought it from him in 1895 and since then this building has been the property and Motherhouse of the Society of the Divine Savior.Before the 1930s, the area around the Motherhouse looked quite different. The palace was located on a narrow street names Borgo Vecchio, which was built on the ancient Roman Via Cornelia leading from the Tiber River to the Circus of Nero at the foot of the Vatican hill.

The Cesi palace was built in a square form with an interior courtyard. On the north side a renaissance façade by Martino Longhop il Vecchio is preserved from the 16th century. At the same time that the Via della Conciliazione was built, the west wing of the Cesi palace was removed as part of the project of renewing the area. Between 1944 and 1946 the Salvatorians added a new part called "Casa Francesca” on the south side.

Since 2004 “Casa Francesca” has been transformed into a luxury residence called Palazzo Cardinal Cesi.